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From BBC radio 4 Book of the Week Award winning tenor Ian Bostridge explores Franz Schubert s enigmatic masterpiece Winterreise, or Winter s Journey Composed in 1827, this powerful song cycle for voice and piano uses twenty four poems by Wilhem Muller and is considered one of classical music s most powerful compositions.Drawing upon his experience as a performer he has performed Winterreise than a hundred times , on his musical knowledge and on his training as a scholar, Bostridge unpicks the enigmas and subtle meanings behind the songs to explore the world Schubert inhabited. WinterreiseDe Duitse dichter Wilhelm M ller schreef 24 gedichten over een nog jonge man wiens liefde niet beantwoord wordt Hij verlaat zijn huis en zijn stad en trekt de koude winterwereld in De gedichtencyclus die het verslag is van een waarschijnlijk persoonlijke queeste en een zoektocht naar zichzelf noemde hij Die Winterreise.Franz Schubert heeft de gedichten op muziek gezet en in 1827 gepubliceerd onder de naam Winterreise dus zonder het lidwoord Sindsdien zijn er wel een honderttal interpretaties van dit werk voor piano en zang De bekendste is wellicht de interpretatie van de Duitse bariton Dietrich Fischer Dieskau.Dus toen de Engelse tenor Ian Bostridge zijn interpretatie gaf, was de verwachting hooggespannen Maar hoe schitterend is zijn winterreis Hoe treffzeker laat hij horen en zien er is ook een dvd opname hoe afwijzing, teleurstelling en hoop klinken Hij begrijpt iedere zin en ieder woord en dat maakt zijn weergave uniek Maar als je zijn boek Schuberts Winterreise Een meesterwerk ontleed leest dan begrijp je dat hij niet alleen een voortreffelijk zanger is, maar ook een kundig in Oxford en Cambridge afgestudeerd historicus, die van elk lied de achtergrond wil weten en nog meer diepte geeft aan deze gedichten over een afgewezen liefde. Schubert s song cycle Winterreise is one of the essential works of classical music and a work I have loved for many years I respond to this cycle of lost love whenever I return to it Written in the last year of Schubert s life, Winterreise is a setting for solo voice and piano of 24 poems by Wilhelm Muller Schubert first set a group of twelve poems and, shortly thereafter returned to set the entire cycle of 24 songs The cycle has been recorded and performed innumerable times.The British tenor Ian Bostridge has performed Winterreise over 100 times in a thirty year career He has recorded the work with pianist Leif Ove Adnes and prepared a dramatization of the cycle with pianist Julius Drake Bostridge does not have an academic degree in music He received a doctoral degree from Oxford in 1990 for a dissertation on witchcraft in English life from 1650 1750 and taught political theory and British history at the university level before devoting himself to a career as a singer in 1996.Bostridge s love for Schubert s Winterreise and his passion for music and for learning all are on full display in his book, Schubert s Winter s Journey Anatomy of an Obsession The obsession in question is shared by Muller and Schubert s nameless wanderer in the cycle, by Bostridge himself, and by the reader of the book and listener to the music In a brief introduction, Bostridge writes It is surely remarkable that the piece lives and makes an impact in concert halls all over the world, in cultures remote from its origins in 1820s Vienna He says of his goal in the book I want to use each song as a platform for exploring these origins setting the piece in its historical context, but also finding new and unexpected connections, both contemporary and long dead literary, visual, psychological, scientific, and political Musical analysis will inevitably play its part, but this is nothing as systematic as a guide to Winter Journey, or which there are plenty already out there The book consists of 24 chapters of varying lengths each of which explores one of the songs in Winterreise Each chapter begins with the German text of the song with Bostridge s own translation on a facing page From that point, the chapters move in wildly varying directions Often Bostridge begins with a short musical or textual discussion But he uses each song as a springboard for a wide ranging discussion about Schubert s and Muller s lives, politics in Vienna in the years following the Napoleonic wars, the Enlightenment, art, religion, literature, science, and much The book displays a prodigious learning and presents it well Often, the book moves from subject to subject in a chain of free association The discussion moves freely from sources and references predating Schubert, to politics, science, and such during his lifetime, through the latter 19th Century and to the present It is dazzling I also found it highly useful in gaining understanding of Winterreise even when I thought some of the themes, such as the cycle s covert political message, were overstated At times, the associations go far afield and become tangential to Winterreise, as Bostridge notes But the book is absorbing and infused with love and learning about its subject The purely musical discussions tend to be brief But Bostridge draws excellent parallels between particular songs in Winterreise and other parts of Schubert s output For example, his discussion of Einsamkeit loneliness , no 12 in the cycle, discusses many other songs of Schubert with loneliness as a theme The discussion of Mut courage , no 22 in Winterreise, discusses the state of religious belief in Schubert s Vienna and the treatment of religious themes in the composer s songs, masses, and other music.The book uses art extensively and includes many full color illustrations of works bearing upon the songs and themes of Winterreise Bostridge s discussions are invariably illuminating The book has an extensive bibliography but no index.I accompanied my reading by listening to a recording of Winterreise From several versions that I own, I chose a famous 1942 recording by baritone bass Hans Hotter and pianist Michael Raucheisen I began by listening to each song after reading the chapter Bostridge devoted to it in his book Somewhat beyond the middle of the cycle, this approach became too cumbersome and distracting, and I listened to the songs in groups of two or three Bostridge in fact discusses the Hotter Raucheisen recording when he explores the Nazi s use of Winterreise during WW II During the middle of the War, Raucheisen, whom Bostridge describes as Goebbel s client and Hitler s favorite had projected a complete account on record of German songs as part of the war effort Bostridge tries to understand the appeal German romanticism and Winterreise held for the Nazis I was disconcerted to learn the background of the recording I selected, much as I love its way with the music I am also listening to the Bostridge Drake dramatization of Winterreise which is readily accessible on media.I learned much about Schubert and Winterreise from Bostridge This book will appeal to readers who already love or who want to get to know Schubert s great song cycle.Robin Friedman A highly informative book on Schubert s famous song cycle the greatest piece of classical music ever, as far as I m concerned by the eminent British singer Ian Bostridge I admit I d have preferred if he d delved a bit deeper into the musicological side of things, but he makes up for that by putting his historical education to excellent use and presenting the reader with a wealth of information on not only Schubert s life and times but also on the broader context of early 19th century Austria.Bostridge proceeds song by song and has something interesting to say about each of them, on a very wide range of subjects whether he interprets Wilhelm M ller s poetry, takes a look at a song s structure, places it in a biographical context, considers possible political implications or elucidates it from his extensive experience of performing the cycle This is no deep analysis and is not meant to be rather it is someone who loves Schubert s songs and knows them intimately chatting about them in an almost conversational tone I assume that there probably is not very much new here for the Schubert expert but for the layman it is a treasure trove of both information and insight The author is not afraid to go off on a tangent, either, and his frequent digressions are just as rewarding as when he is staying on subject The book contains many illustrations, too, although that part did not come across too well in my Kindle edition As, judging by other reviews, the book is quite beautifully designed, too, I m regretting a bit that I did not invest in a hardcover version, but the book was well worth it for the written content alone and is recommended to everyone who wants to explore the background of Schubert s Winterreise in depth than the liner notes of a CD generally provide. I m working up a performance of Schubert s Winterreise for this semester, and decided to finish this book I started a few years ago While I don t look to Ian Bostridge s vocalism as a model, he earned a Doctor of Philosophy from Cambridge studying history and literature, so he knows literature better than just about any musician you can think of And he proves it in this book Winterreise is full of symbols and themes, and political undercurrents lay one foundation for interpreting the poetry, all of which demand explanation and clarification To me, an analysis and exploration of these aspects is almost relevant to the performer of this music than picky musicological debates. A disorderly book, and not in any sort of good way Uneven some chapters are little gems, but most are at best trivial throw aways I definitely came away with a cultural appreciation of Schubert and his works so in this Bostridge succeeds but the journey there was pretty difficult dare I say icy If you plan on reading this book, take a look at the many youtube videos or listen to Bostridge or others singing this as you read along essentially this is extra long program notes, and it will make the experience far pleasant. |Free Epub ♱ Schubert's Winter Journey: Anatomy of an Obsession ♃ An exploration of the world s most famous and challenging song cycle by one of the world s most renowned singers, a leading interpreter of the work, who teases out the themes literary, historical, psychological that weave through the twenty four songs comprising this legendary masterpiece Written in 1828, in the last months of the young Schubert s life, Winterreise Winter s Journey , has come to be considered the single greatest piece of music ever written for the male solo voice Deceptively brief the twenty four short poems are performed uninterrupted in 70 minutes it nonetheless has an emotional depth and power that no music of its kind has ever equalled Originally intended to be sung to an intimate gathering, performances of Winterreise now pack the greatest concert halls around the world Drawing on his firsthand experience with this work he has performed itthan one hundred times , on his musical knowledge, and on his training as a scholar, Ian Bostridge teases out the enigmas and subtle meanings of each song, exploring the world and the states of heart and mind in which Schubert created them, and the exquisite resonance and affinities that continue, even today, to move us so profoundly. Land Degradation And Society a leading interpreter of the work From Cameroon to Paris: Mousgoum Architecture In and Out of Africa who teases out the themes literary Nocturnum: Long Shades historical Gallery Bundu: A Story about an African Past psychological that weave through the twenty four songs comprising this legendary masterpiece Written in 1828 Links to the Diasporic Homeland in the last months of the young Schubert s life Given Time: I. Counterfeit Money Winterreise Winter s Journey Cockney Past and Present: A Short History of the Dialect of London has come to be considered the single greatest piece of music ever written for the male solo voice Deceptively brief the twenty four short poems are performed uninterrupted in 70 minutes it nonetheless has an emotional depth and power that no music of its kind has ever equalled Originally intended to be sung to an intimate gathering The Birth of Industrial Britain: 1750-1850 performances of Winterreise now pack the greatest concert halls around the world Drawing on his firsthand experience with this work he has performed itthan one hundred times The Ra Expeditions on his musical knowledge Brides For Brazen Gulch (Silhouette Yours Truly, and on his training as a scholar Getting into Print: The Decision-Making Process in Scholarly Publishing Ian Bostridge teases out the enigmas and subtle meanings of each song O Fio da Navalha exploring the world and the states of heart and mind in which Schubert created them Attack on Titan 26 and the exquisite resonance and affinities that continue Plr 2004 even today Globalising the Climate: Cop21 and the Climatisation of Global Debates to move us so profoundly. I got this originally because it is such a lovely looking book, and although I wasn t familiar with the song cycle I figured I could become so In the end I have only listened to it once all the way through, so reading the book could have thrown up a few difficulties That was not the case however, as Ian Bostridge has written a really accessible appreciation of the songs Each song is given a chapter, and, depending on the lyrics, subjects covered range from the musicology of the pieces not a lot , to social and political history, Schubert s life, or maybe even a performance memory from the singer author It became fascinating as I read on, and makes a wonderful accompaniment to the music. This is never less than interesting and often I admire Bostridge s Schubert recordings and he s obviously an intelligent artist and a decent writer But I must say that I disagree with his assertion that the tenor voice is as well suited to this work as the voices of the great baritones who have recorded it I find both Fischer Dieskau s and Goerne s convincing than his,and I think that the fact that they re baritones is at least a part of the reason Bostridge does tend now and then to wander rather far astray from the subject at hand The silliest example is surely in the chapter on Rast where he includes a chart illustrating the sources of energy in megajoules coal, water wind, etc in England from 1561 to 1859, as commentary on the waning importance of charcoal burners in European economies.I also found myself wishing that he had included musical examples, since, although he says that he s no musicologist and has no theoretical training, he does often spend some time talking about both the vocal and piano lines, and it would have been helpful if these comments had been accompanied by many illustrations A minor complaint certainly for anyone who has a score at hand I did find a bit annoying the casualness with which Bostridge dismisses serious consideration of the evidence that Schubert may well have been homosexual Gay isn t a suitable designation for the time period, I agree Although he comments several times on the oppressive political situation in which Schubert and his circle found themselves and how it caused them to be circumspect in so many ways, he seems oblivious to the fact that the entire culture of Schubert s time would have been at least as oppressive to anyone with homosexual feelings, and, indeed, far so in as much as the anti homosexual attitudes, unlike the political, would inevitably have been internalized to at least some extent Barring the, at this date unlikely, discovery of some now unknown contemporaneous documents, we ll never know for sure either way, but the question doesn t deserve to be dismissed as lightly as Bostridge does here.