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@Read Epub õ Yaratma Cesareti â Yaratma Cesareti, Amerikan psikolojisi ve varolu u psikoterapinin nde gelen ismi Rollo May in en temel yap tlar ndan biri May, psikoloji, psikoterapi, felsefe ve sanatla yak n ili kisinden t r , yarat c l k konusunu ilgin bir perspektiften inceliyor T m varolu ular gibi o da kayg olgusuna b y k nem vererek, de i imin kayg n n i ine g m lerek var lacak bir yarat c l k d zeyinde ger ekle ece ini vurguluyor Ge i d nemi psikolojisinin t m olumsuzlu unu, yarat c l n zorunlulu u ad na kutlayan May, yeni olan n her yerde f k rd bir d nyada, insan n bilind kaynaklara g venmesi gerekti ini savunuyor Bunun i in de yeni bir cesaret bi iminin bireyde yarat lmas na nemli katk larda bulunuyor Bu kitab n, ki iye kendi kaynaklar ndan yararlanmakta ve g n m zdeki ahlaksal z lmenin k nt s alt nda kalmadan yeni bir ya am kurmakta d nsel destek sa layaca na inan yoruz Land Degradation And Society Amerikan psikolojisi ve varolu u psikoterapinin nde gelen ismi Rollo May in en temel yap tlar ndan biri May From Cameroon to Paris: Mousgoum Architecture In and Out of Africa psikoloji Nocturnum: Long Shades psikoterapi Gallery Bundu: A Story about an African Past felsefe ve sanatla yak n ili kisinden t r Links to the Diasporic Homeland yarat c l k konusunu ilgin bir perspektiften inceliyor T m varolu ular gibi o da kayg olgusuna b y k nem vererek Given Time: I. Counterfeit Money de i imin kayg n n i ine g m lerek var lacak bir yarat c l k d zeyinde ger ekle ece ini vurguluyor Ge i d nemi psikolojisinin t m olumsuzlu unu Cockney Past and Present: A Short History of the Dialect of London yarat c l n zorunlulu u ad na kutlayan May The Birth of Industrial Britain: 1750-1850 yeni olan n her yerde f k rd bir d nyada The Ra Expeditions insan n bilind kaynaklara g venmesi gerekti ini savunuyor Bunun i in de yeni bir cesaret bi iminin bireyde yarat lmas na nemli katk larda bulunuyor Bu kitab n Brides For Brazen Gulch (Silhouette Yours Truly, ki iye kendi kaynaklar ndan yararlanmakta ve g n m zdeki ahlaksal z lmenin k nt s alt nda kalmadan yeni bir ya am kurmakta d nsel destek sa layaca na inan yoruz This is actually an excellent and small thus manageable book, but it is heavy psychological reading, very scholarly in tone While I need to ponder it further, the basic themes are pushing against conformity, and living authentically and intentionally Rollo May is an American existentialist philosopher who was very influential in the 1950s 1970s. Rollo May 1909 1994 was an American psychologist who, alongside Carl Rogers and Viktor Frankl helped create and popularize humanistic and existential psychotherapy.May was also an artist and particularly focused on the psychology and phenomenology of creativity and the creative process.May describes the creative process as laboring at the edge of knowing, and then pausing in mindfull receptivity to the insights and epiphany that emerge from the embodied unconscious I m assuming that everyone Rollo May 1909 1994 was an American psychologist who, alongside Carl Rogers and Viktor Frankl helped create and popularize humanistic and existential psychotherapy.May was also an artist and particularly focused on the psychology and phenomenology of creativity and the creative process.May describes the creative process as laboring at the edge of knowing, and then pausing in mindfull receptivity to the insights and epiphany that emerge from the embodied unconscious I m assuming that everyone has had the experience of working on something and felt stuck or uncertain, only to be surprised by a sudden insight later on, when doing the dishes, or walking the dog, or in the shower.This is exactly what May is talking about May sees this process of conscious working, in an unknown or uncharted territory, in collaboration with the unconscious as the important difference between creativity and other kinds working and learning May recognized that the artist or the creative in any capacity risks serious ridicule and failure at every juncture.May argued that creativity of every kind is ultimately about making the world a better place.May named the fact that attempting to create something new, for the sake of the betterment of mankind was a truly courageous act May saw creativity asthan a type of cultural production, and viewed courage asthan simply risking danger and scorn May viewed the courage to create as a fully embodied and wide awake way of being in the world, knowing ones self and being in relationship with others May argued for a new type of physical courage that entails abiding in the here and now, with an ongoing undefended awareness of the emotional body, for the sake of cultivating attuned sensitivity May states it will be, as Nietzsche remarked, a learning to think with the body It will be a valuing of the body as the means of empathy with others, in expression of self as a thing of beauty and as a rich source of pleasure I am myself a psychotherapist, and I take great joy in May s articulations of the creative heart of our work One of the things I really appreciate about May, is his fearless commitment to psychology as a humanistic pursuit He s an erudite scholar of art, literature, religion and philosophy His psychological writing has an inspirational, soaring quality when it s at its very best Unfortunately, he was somewhat hostile to science, and failed to fully integrate a systematic, skeptical methodology and critique into his thinking And when his writing is at it s very worst, it comes off as self indulgent, pompous, and nearsighted That being said I m absolutely enad with the interstitial zone between the humanities and the hard sciences.And popularizations of psychology are at their very best when they are born from that place Large swaths of May s work hit the bullseye and deserve to be remembered.Other aspects of May s work hit like a rock on an old tin pot The discerning reader will be aware of this, and proceed with the stance of the garage sale shopper, looking for a treasure buried in the junk pile Good stuff Challenging May asserts that artists, writers, poets, etc need to genuinely encounter, or engage with the world which they are interpreting in their art.I m still mulling over his chapters on the Oracle of Delphi I THINK that what he was getting at is that artists make new discoveries and create new things with the help of myths and symbols already available to us in our cultures and in the collective unconsciousness.May does a fantastic job of recommending that rather than analyz Good stuff Challenging May asserts that artists, writers, poets, etc need to genuinely encounter, or engage with the world which they are interpreting in their art.I m still mulling over his chapters on the Oracle of Delphi I THINK that what he was getting at is that artists make new discoveries and create new things with the help of myths and symbols already available to us in our cultures and in the collective unconsciousness.May does a fantastic job of recommending that rather than analyzing dreams in a simply symbolic manor, or perhaps as traditional psychoanalysis has in the past but instead by considering the visual spacial relationships of the principal characters in a given dream This process means visualizing the dream like a painting, or perhaps blocking out the staging of the actors as if it were a stage play or a film Doing this reveals new insights into the dreamer s relationships to the persons or symbols in the dream This made sense to me as someone trained in studio and design Needless to say, this also contributed to my understanding of the expressive possibilities in design.Rollo May s book helps us see that creative pursuits can help us to make sense of and cope with our lives and our world This is a great read for anyone interested in creativity art, music, dance, drama, poetry and writing, etc or in psychology.Rollo May was recommended to me by a friend who, like May, practices depth psychology and is most interested in existential psychology I ve always tended to lean toward cognitive therapy or reality therapy assuming that they re somehow different than or opposed to the behaviorism that dominates elementary and secondary education in the U.S This book helped me recognize that really, they re pretty much just derivatives of behaviorism, which is a principally American strain of psychology This Western convention is very concrete, material, and empirical Not that there s anything wrong with that as they said on an episode of Seinfeld But May suggests that there is a third way, balancing the mythology and almost mysticism of Eastern traditions with this very logical, measurable qualities of the American way Once again, I am reminded of the text I ve been teaching from for years, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain, in which Dr Betty Edwards posits that we all are capable of two complimentary ways of thinking, perceiving, experiencing and knowing.Having read this book, I m sure that three things will be impacted 1 My own painting, poetry, and photography 2 My perceptions, interpretations, and reactions to the creative arts I encounter, from art to film to literature and 3 Hopefully and I d like to think most importantly, my teaching Rollo May is wise and inspiring The Courage to Create makes me long for a time when psychology was richer, full of life, and fed so muchby the humanities and mythology as compared to the sterile, narrow minded field we have today He retorts I do not use this term myth in the common present day deteriorated meaning of falsehood This is an error that could be committed only by a society that has become so inebriated with adding up empirical facts that it seals off the deeper wisdom of Rollo May is wise and inspiring The Courage to Create makes me long for a time when psychology was richer, full of life, and fed so muchby the humanities and mythology as compared to the sterile, narrow minded field we have today He retorts I do not use this term myth in the common present day deteriorated meaning of falsehood This is an error that could be committed only by a society that has become so inebriated with adding up empirical facts that it seals off the deeper wisdom of human history I use myth as meaning, rather, a dramatic presentation of the moral wisdom of the human race The myth uses the totality of the senses rather than just the intellect May brings together art, religion, psychology, and science in a powerful way All rise from the same bed of creativity This book shows the empowering side of existential thought, showing that life is an act of creation We cannot be without creating We express our being by creating Creativity is a necessary sequel to beingWe are called upon to do something new, to confront a no man s land, to push into a forest where there are no well worn paths and from which no one has returned to guide us This is what the existentialists call the anxiety of nothingness To live into the future means to leap into the unknown, and this requires a degree of courage for which there is no immediate precedent and which few people realize As Joseph Campbell often noted, if you can clearly see the path ahead of you, it certainly belongs to somebody else and is not your own He draws from other thinkers like Carl Jung, Otto Rank, Karl Marx, Leibnitz, Alfred Adler, and William James, and from artists and writers like Cezanne, Shakespeare, Picasso, Keats, Joyce, and Rilke Artists are prophets and revolutionaries but the commandment also expresses the timeless fear that every society harbors of its artists, poets, and saints For they are the ones who threaten the status quo, which each society is devoted to protectingthe creative artist and poet and saint must fight the actual gods of our society the god of conformism as well as gods of apathy, material success, and exploitative power Creativity grows out of the rage, chaos, and mystery of the unconscious personal and collective May chastises us for our own busyness which prevents us fromcomplete living Of course, when an individual is afraid of the irrational that is, of the unconscious dimensions of experience he tries to keep busiest, tries to keep most noise going on about him The avoidance of the anxiety of solitude by constant agitated diversion is what Kierkegaard, in a nice simile, likened to the settlers in the early days of America who used to beat on pots and pans at night to make enough din to keep the wolves away Take off those ear buds and put down your damn smart phones Face your solitude with courage He then hurls a challenge at our mechanized world, explaining why artists are so distrusted or feared Irrational unconscious phenomena are always a threat to this mechanization Poets may be delightful creatures in the meadow or the garret, but they are menaces on the assembly line Mechanization requires uniformity, predictability, and orderliness and the very fact that unconscious phenomena are original and irrational is already an inevitable threat to bourgeois order and uniformityWe cannot escape our anxiety over the fact that the artists together with creative person of all sorts, are the possible destroyers of our nicely ordered systems May affirms the tortured artist stereotype and praises them, over their conforming counterparts, for they ability to live with anxiety and ambiguity Creative peopleare distinguished by the fact that they can live with anxiety, even though a high price my be paid in terms of insecurity, sensitivity, and defenselessness for the gift of the divine madness, to borrow the term used by the classical Greeks I wish he would have kept out the final chapter of the book Passion for Form , which felt flat, and closed with his musings on the benefits of human limitations death, place of birth, height, illness, past decisions, resources This is where his tempered existentialism really delivers I propose that it is the experience of this is the way things are meant to be If only for that moment, we participate in the myth of creation Order comes out of disorder, form out of chaos, as it did in the creation of the universe This sense of joy comes from our participation, no matter how slight, in being as such The paradox is that at that moment we also experiencevividly our own limitations We discover the amor fati that Nietzsche writes about the love of one s fate No wonder it gives a sense of ecstasy Western Civilization in the 21st century sorely needshearts and minds to continue the tradition laid out by Rollo May